Reign of Pandiya Kings
Pandya kings ruled their kingdom with Madurai as their capital city.The ancient literature
and stone script says that they were belong to the caste of Chandra (Moon),Neem garlands as their
symbol and fish affixed on their flag .They ruled madurai for several successive centuries.
Pandya kings can be classified into four stages.
Pandyas of pre sangam period.
Vadimpalamba Nindra pandyan and Makeerthi are his nice names.The literature
Purananuru indicates that he digged the river "Paghruli" on kumari district. The great ancient
literature Tolkappiyam (mirror of Tamilan's culture) were published in his court.
His actual name was Kudumi.His character and achievements can be found in the
Pandyas of sangam period
Their period were from 300 B.C upto 200 A.D ,guessed by the Archeologist.
Pattupattu,Ettuthogai(Literature) belongs to this period.
Kapatapuram was a terrain between the river Kumari and Tamaraprni,a capital place of Mudattiru Maran
Along with poets and others he moved towards the west when the terrain with kapatapuram was devoured
by the sea. Then they camped at Manalur and then Marched to Madurai. His history and poems
are found in Narrinai, a literature of Sangam period.
Porkarai Pandyan a law abiding king,KadalulMaynda Ilamperum Valudi,Pandiyan Arivudai Nambi
Olaiyur tanda Pudapandiyan, the victor of Olaiyur.Ariyapadai kadanta Nedunjelian put Kovalan
(a businessman from the city Poompuhar,husband of Kannaki,both came to madurai to live )
to death and fell down dead when he realised his fault,the queen also left her mortal coil.
He seemed to have the victory over the Aryans.
In the third century of A.D Kalaphras put their kindom in the Pandya country.
They ruled Madurai from A.D 250 upto A.D 575. Their background history are yet to be known.
Again Pandyas picked up their kingdom in the 6th centuries.
Maravarman Avanisulamani(A.D 600-625),Chezhian Vendan (A.D 625-640) in his period
Chinese Tourist "Yuan Swang" had visited the place Kanchi. Maravarman Arikesari in his period
"Yuan swang" visited the Pandya country and had written the natural resources and speciality of
Pearls in his notes, Kocahdayan Ranadiran, Arikesari Parankusa Maravarman (A.D 710-765), Nedunchezhian
Parantagan(A.D. 765-790),stone scripts and evidences are availoable from his period and Severa
mangalam notes in Lodon Museum also point out the evidences, Semaran Sevalappan(A.D 835- 862), VaraGunavarman,
Parantaga Pandyan. They were all belongs to this Medival period.
Later Pandyas (A.D. 1190-1310)
During this period Pandyas had extended their kingdom Nellore(Andhra), Kadappa
First Sadayavarman KulasekaraPandyan (A.D 1190-1238)
He was the son of Vikrama Pandyan and his history are found in the stone script of
Madurai, Tirenelveli, Ramanathapuram district. In the war between Third Kulothunga chola and
him,he was defeated at Maptiyur at Tirupattur. The stone script evidence says that chola
has returned his kingdom to this king. The king was prouded by the name Raja Kambeera chaturvedi
First Maravarman Sundarapandyan(A.D 1216-1238)
He relieved the war between the kings of south Kongu and North Kongu and made a friendship
with them. He defeated the chola kings several times and returned their kingdom to chola itself.
In A.D 1232, he was defeated by Posala king Veera Narashimman.
Second Sadayavarman Kulasekara Pandyan, Second Maravarman SundaraPandyan, First Sadayavarman
Sundarapandyan, sadayavarman Veerapandyan, Sadayavarman Vikramapandyan, First Maravarman Kulasekarapandyan,
Sadayavarman sundarapandyan, Maravarman Vikramapandyan, Maravarman Veerapandyan were belong to this