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Reign of Pandiya Kings


Pandya kings ruled their kingdom with Madurai as their capital city.The ancient literature and stone script says that they were belong to the caste of Chandra (Moon),Neem garlands as their symbol and fish affixed on their flag .They ruled madurai for several successive centuries. Pandya kings can be classified into four stages.




Pandyas of pre sangam period.


Nilantharu Tiruvirpandyan
Vadimpalamba Nindra pandyan and Makeerthi are his nice names.The literature Purananuru indicates that he digged the river "Paghruli" on kumari district. The great ancient literature Tolkappiyam (mirror of Tamilan's culture) were published in his court.

Palyakasalai MudukudumiPeruvaluti
His actual name was Kudumi.His character and achievements can be found in the Literature Purananuru.

Pandyas of sangam period


Their period were from 300 B.C upto 200 A.D ,guessed by the Archeologist. Pattupattu,Ettuthogai(Literature) belongs to this period.

Pandyan Mudatirumaran
Kapatapuram was a terrain between the river Kumari and Tamaraprni,a capital place of Mudattiru Maran Along with poets and others he moved towards the west when the terrain with kapatapuram was devoured by the sea. Then they camped at Manalur and then Marched to Madurai. His history and poems are found in Narrinai, a literature of Sangam period.

Porkarai Pandyan a law abiding king,KadalulMaynda Ilamperum Valudi,Pandiyan Arivudai Nambi Olaiyur tanda Pudapandiyan, the victor of Olaiyur.Ariyapadai kadanta Nedunjelian put Kovalan (a businessman from the city Poompuhar,husband of Kannaki,both came to madurai to live ) to death and fell down dead when he realised his fault,the queen also left her mortal coil. He seemed to have the victory over the Aryans.

Medieval Pandyas


In the third century of A.D Kalaphras put their kindom in the Pandya country. They ruled Madurai from A.D 250 upto A.D 575. Their background history are yet to be known. Again Pandyas picked up their kingdom in the 6th centuries.

Maravarman Avanisulamani(A.D 600-625),Chezhian Vendan (A.D 625-640) in his period Chinese Tourist "Yuan Swang" had visited the place Kanchi. Maravarman Arikesari in his period "Yuan swang" visited the Pandya country and had written the natural resources and speciality of Pearls in his notes, Kocahdayan Ranadiran, Arikesari Parankusa Maravarman (A.D 710-765), Nedunchezhian Parantagan(A.D. 765-790),stone scripts and evidences are availoable from his period and Severa mangalam notes in Lodon Museum also point out the evidences, Semaran Sevalappan(A.D 835- 862), VaraGunavarman, Parantaga Pandyan. They were all belongs to this Medival period.

Later Pandyas (A.D. 1190-1310)

During this period Pandyas had extended their kingdom Nellore(Andhra), Kadappa district.

First Sadayavarman KulasekaraPandyan (A.D 1190-1238)
He was the son of Vikrama Pandyan and his history are found in the stone script of Madurai, Tirenelveli, Ramanathapuram district. In the war between Third Kulothunga chola and him,he was defeated at Maptiyur at Tirupattur. The stone script evidence says that chola has returned his kingdom to this king. The king was prouded by the name Raja Kambeera chaturvedi Mangalam.

First Maravarman Sundarapandyan(A.D 1216-1238)
He relieved the war between the kings of south Kongu and North Kongu and made a friendship with them. He defeated the chola kings several times and returned their kingdom to chola itself. In A.D 1232, he was defeated by Posala king Veera Narashimman.

Second Sadayavarman Kulasekara Pandyan, Second Maravarman SundaraPandyan, First Sadayavarman Sundarapandyan, sadayavarman Veerapandyan, Sadayavarman Vikramapandyan, First Maravarman Kulasekarapandyan, Sadayavarman sundarapandyan, Maravarman Vikramapandyan, Maravarman Veerapandyan were belong to this period.



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